We are now going to study the names of the Holy Spirit. This is very important because in the Bible a name wasn’t only a name, but it was an extension of the person and indicated the person’s character or attributes. In Bible times they took great importance in the choosing of a name. There are several examples in the Bible where God told the father what to name their child. It was often through a dream, vision or experience that a name was born. As we study the names of the Holy Spirit, we will learn much of the character, attributes and ways of the Holy Spirit.
The first place we see the Holy Spirit at work is in Genesis 1:2 & 26. Here He is called the Spirit of God. In these two verses we see the participation of the Holy Spirit in creation. It is for this reason He is called the Spirit of God because He is God the creator of all things. The Holy Spirit as God is the one who gives life and raised Christ up from the dead (Romans 8:11). God lives in us through the Holy Spirit according to 1 John 3:24 because God the Father and God the Holy Spirit are two people but one God. There is no distinction between the Spirit of God and the Holy Spirit in scripture. They are one and the same (I Corinthians 12:3) with different roles.
Another name for the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Christ (Romans 8:9). He is called the Spirit of Christ because it is through the name of Jesus Christ that we receive the Holy Spirit. He is called the Spirit of Christ because His mission is to reveal Christ to us and glorify Christ (John 16:14). He is called the Spirit of Christ because it is by Him that Christ dwells in us.
We see this in Romans 8:9-10 – “You, however, are not in the realm of the flesh but are in the realm of the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God lives in you. And if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, they do not belong to Christ. 10 But if Christ is in you, then even though your body is subject to death because of sin, the Spirit gives life because of righteousness.”
The next name for the Holy Spirit that we will look at is the Advocate /Comforter / Counselor. We see these names in John 14:16, 26 & 16:7 depending on verse and Bible translation. Yet, all three words (names) are one and the same in Greek which is “Parakl¬etos”. This word literally means “call to one’s side”. Yet, it has the connotation of coming to one’s aid as a lawyer, comforter, and counselor. The Holy Spirit intercedes on our behalf, strengthens us, and protects us. According to Romans 8:26-27, He helps us pray. The Holy Spirit as “Parakletos” strengthens us with power through his Spirit in our inner being according to Ephesians 3:16. The Holy Spirit gives us strength and power. He helps us grow in our character.
The name we all know best is the Holy Spirit. He is called the Holy Spirit because He is God and He is holy even as the Father and Son are holy. Also, this name distinguishes Him from evil spirits. We see this title most often in the New Testament because His greatest mission is to sanctify the people of God and set them apart unto the Father and Son.
The Holy Spirit is here to set us “free from the law of sin and death” The Holy Spirit causes us to desire the things that God desires. Romans 8:4 –“……. those who live in accordance with the Spirit have their minds set on what the Spirit desires.” It is the Spirit who puts to death the deeds of the body or flesh that oppose God. (Romans 8:13) Paul says in Galatians 5:16 – “So I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the flesh.”
Another name for the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Truth. We see this in John 14:17-18. John 16:13 tells us that “….he will guide you into all the truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come.” All truth is in God and the Holy Spirit’s role is to help us under all the truths in God. We can count on His teachings (instructions) to be true because He only speaks what the Father and Son speak. Therefore, being God, he knows what is to come and will reveal these things to us in His proper and perfect timing. (See to John 16:14-15) He will not only guide in all truth and show us Christ, but He will remind us of what Christ has taught us. This is a good thing for us who don’t have a very good memory.
Also, the Holy Spirit is called the Spirit of Grace. (Hebrews 10:29) It is because of Him we find salvation and the grace that accompanies Christ’s sacrifice.
John 6:44 – “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws them, and I will raise them up at the last day.”
How does the Father draw us unto Him? It is by His Holy Spirit. It is the Holy Spirit who reveals sin in our lives and convicts us of our sinful state (John 16:7-11) with the purpose of leading us to God’s grace.
The final name for the Holy Spirit we will look at is the Spirit of Adoption.
Romans 8:14-16 – “ For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. 16 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:”
He is called the Spirit of Adoption because it is by Him that we are born into the family of God. He confirms that we are children of God.
John 3:5-7 – “Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.7 Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again.”
Anyone who does not have the Spirit of God in them is not a son of God. (1 John 3:24; 4:13)
Galatians 4:4-7 – “But when the set time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those under the law, that we might receive adoption to sonship. 6 Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, “Abba, Father.” 7 So you are no longer a slave, but God’s child; and since you are his child, God has made you also an heir.
I like to think of the Holy Spirit as our visa to heaven. God the Father is the issuer of our passport. God the Son is the passport and God the Holy Spirit is our visa. All three are essential to our salvation. Yes, they are three in one.
We have now finished looking at the 7 names of the Holy Spirit. Seven is the number of perfection in the Bible. In review, He is the Spirit of God, the Spirit of Christ, the Spirit Advocate /Comforter / Counselor, the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of Truth, the Spirit of Grace, and the Spirit of Adoption.
We are truly blessed to have Him on our lives.